12 Aug 1948
VOLUMES 1-2: 1947-1974 – Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
IV. JERUSALEM AND THE HOLY PLACES
2. Jerusalem Declared Israel-Occupied City, Government Proclamation, Official Gazette, No. 12, 2 August 1948:
From March until June 1948, Jerusalem was besieged by Arab irregulars and the Jordanian Arab Legion from the north, west and east; Egyptian troops attempted to break through from the southern approaches. The Old City fell on 28 May. In June, at the cost of many casualties, Israel finally succeeded in re-establishing a link with the city and lifted the siege. On 26 July, the United Nations Mediator, Count Folke Bernadotte, visited Jerusalem and conferred there with Foreign Minister Sharett. He suggested the demilitarisation of Jerusalem. On 2 August, the Government of Israel rejected the suggestion and decided to declare the Jerusalem area under its control as Israel-occupied territory. Dr. Dov Joseph was appointed Military Governor. Text of the Government proclamation: Continue reading Jerusalem Declared Israel-Occupied City- Government Proclamation→
The following is an excerpt of the letter dated 18 May 1948 from the assistant Secretary-General for Security Council affairs addressed to the Jewish Agency for Palestine, and reply dated 22 May 1948 by the Provisional State Council and the Provisional Government of the State of Israel addressed to the Secretary-General concerning the questions submitted by the Security Council S/766 22 May 1948. The UN Security Council is keenly aware of the territorial boundaries of the new State of Israel, and that territory outside those boundaries remains the territory of Palestine.
QUESTIONS TO THE JEWISH AUTHORITIES IN PALESTINE
(a) Over which areas of Palestine do you actually exercise control at the present time?
(b) Do you have armed forces operating in areas (towns, cities, districts) of Palestine where the Arabs are the majority, or outside Palestine?
I have the honor to notify you that the state of Israel has been proclaimed as an independent republic within the frontiers approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution of November 29, 1947, [ref: UNGA Res. 181 -ed] and that a provisional government has been charged to assume the rights and duties of government for preserving law and order within the boundaries of Israel, for defending the state against external aggression, and for discharging the obligations of Israel to the other nations of the world in accordance with international law.
ERETZ-ISRAEL [(Hebrew) – the Land of Israel, Palestine] was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and political identity was shaped. Here they first attained to statehood, created cultural values of national and universal significance and gave to the world the eternal Book of Books.Continue reading Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel→
If the truth offends, stop living the lie. Truth is necessary to understand and decide accordingly